Nigerian spinach vegetable leaf referred to as Efo by the Yorubas and Ebafo by the Edo people. The spinach can be eaten raw when added to salad as the stem is edible.  Nigerian spinach is packed with vitamin C, betacarotene and folate, it can be added to stew, soup or made as a sauce on its own.



Nigerian spinach is used to make a popular delicacy known as Efo riro commonly eaten by the Yoruba’s from the Western part of Nigeria.

Today I made a very simple sauce using this Nigerian spinach leaves.



  •  A bundle of Nigerian spinach (efo or abafo leaves).
  • One big yellow bell pepper. You can use any colour of your choice.
  • One half onion
  • Seasoning cubes (Star maggi)
  • Onga chicken seasoning
  • one teaspoon of grinded crayfish
  • 2 scotch bonnet (ata rodo)
  • 2 fresh tomatoes
  • 3 eggs
  • Beef or any meat of your choice.


I am going to use the frying method today, this Nigerian spinach can be boiled and pounded in a mortar to make a sauce and it can also be sliced for stir fry.

  1.  Wash and chop onion, tomatoes, bell peppers and fresh pepper into your desired small sizes.


  • Thoroughly wash your spinach with running cold water. Pick out the stem or you can leave it, as it is edible, then slice it into fine pieces. Make sure to drain the sliced vegetable well in a sieve to avoid your stir fry running of liquid.


  • Heat up a dry pan or pot with vegetable oil and gently add onion and all your peppers. Stir fry for two minutes, then add salt, seasoning and grinded crayfish stirring it all together. P.S Just tried this Onga chicken seasoning and Star chicken Maggi for the first time and they are not bad at all, actually done my sauce good. Good taste and very affordable.


  • After frying for 5 minutes, add drained spinach into pot and stir everything together, allowing it to cook for 7 minutes because the spinach needs to fry for a bit longer.


  • While waiting for the spinach to fry, whisk 3 eggs in a bowl and pour it all over the stir fry and stir together, adding eggs thickens the sauce and makes it richer. This is entirely optional. Check for taste and for excess water.


  • Allow to cook for 3 minutes and stir everything together. Turn off heat, serve with boiled yam, plantain, rice, fried plantain or even with any swallow of your choice.


How do you prepare your Nigerian spinach? I hope you like this recipe, drop your comments and suggestions down below. Thank you.


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